Terminology of rolling bearing

Some frequently used bearing terms are explained here. For a detailed collection of bearing-specific terms and definitions, refer to ISO 5593 Rolling bearings


Symbols used in this catalogue are mainly in accordance with ISO standards.

Symbols for boundary
        dimensions, radial bearings
Symbols for boundary dimensions - radial bearings
Symbols for boundary dimensions
    , thrust bearings
Symbols for boundary dimensions - thrust bearings
  • d: Bore diameter
  • D: Outside diameter
  • B: Bearing width
  • H: Bearing height
  • r: Chamfer dimension
  • a: Contact angle

Shaft bearing housing system

Shaft bearing housing system

  1. Cylindrical roller bearing
  2. Four-point contact ball bearing
  3. Housing
  4. Shaft
  5. Shaft abutment shoulder
  6. Shaft diameter
  7. Shaft seat
  8. End plate
  9. Radial shaft seal
  10. Seal wear ring
  11. Housing bore diameter
  12. Housing seat
  13. Housing cover
  14. Snap ring


Terminology of Radial bearings

Radial bearings

  1. Inner ring
  2. Outer ring
  3. Rolling element: ball, cylindrical roller, needle roller, tapered roller, spherical roller, toroidal roller
  4. Cage
  5. Capping device
    Seal - made of elastomer
    Shield - made of sheet steel
  6. Outer ring outside surface
  7. Inner ring bore
  8. Inner ring shoulder surface
  9. Outer ring shoulder surface
  10. Snap ring groove
  11. Snap ring
  12. Outer ring side face
  13. Recess for capping device
  14. Outer ring raceway
  15. Inner ring raceway
  16. Recess for capping device
  17. Inner ring side face
  18. Chamfer
  19. Bearing pitch circle diameter
  20. Total bearing width
  21. Guide flange
  22. Retaining flange
  23. Contact angle


Terminology of Thrust bearings

Terminology of Thrust bearings

  1. Shaft washer
  2. Rolling element and cage assembly
  3. Housing washer
  4. Housing washer with a sphered seat surface
  5. Seat washer